About Tall Ship Pelican
The Pelican is a sailing ship for people of all ages. She was originally built in France in 1946. Her conversion from Arctic trawler to tall ship was completed in 2007. She now sails thousands of miles each year and we invite people of all ages to take up the "Pelican Challenge".
Pelican has no equivalent among square riggers. Traditionally rigged with three masts, Pelican's unique Main Mast Barquentine rig and sail plan is derived from the Barbary Coast pirate ships. Her beautiful clipper hull gives her unique performance to windward and a great turn of speed.
The ideal rig for sail training should include square sails on at least one mast, particularly if operating worldwide on the Trade Routes when the trainees have time to become conversant with its complexities. The exciting downwind performance is normally offset by an inability to go to windward effectively. This can frustrate plans to reach upwind locations and, in the worst case, increases the risk of becoming embayed.
A modern solution is to 'motor-sail' using the engine, making excessive noise, wasting fuel and creating an uncomfortable motion, which puts unnatural stress on the rig. Not an ideal solution!
Fore and Aft rig
The desired weatherly performance can, of course, be achieved with Fore and Aft rigs, which are not so crew intensive but can become threatening downwind in severe conditions. Historically, a compromise has been struck in the Topsail Schooner but it remains only a partial solution to the dilemma.
The Polacre/Xebec rig
Phillip Goode, yacht and sail designer, based in Majorca as the Lloyds agent, had a particular interest in the Barbary coast Xebecs, the most successful corsair vessels of the Mediterranean for two centuries and, arguably, the fastest displacement sailing vessels of all time for their size.
This hybrid sail arrangement of the square Norse sails on the main mast and a massive triangular Lateen on the fore mast in one ship had spawned a cult of swift and weatherly pirate ships whose ability to outrun their pursuers was legendary.
Using the geometry of the Xebec rig, Phillip had designed a number of sail plans for modern yachts which he tested on scale models but - in spite of achieving exceptional results on all points of sailing - they did not appeal to the owners of today's maxi-yachts. Fortuitously he was put in touch with Graham Neilson and a collaborative project was launched for the Pelican.
Verification of the rig by Lloyds of London
The unconventional sail distribution and rigging plan were bound to raise questions of strength and security, so it was decided to submit all elements to scrutiny under the 'Verification of Rig' procedure now available at Lloyds' Register in London.
Computer Generated Analysis
Here, all sections of the masts, bowsprit and standing rigging were 'modelled' and subjected to the maximum wind speeds acceptable for Full and Plain sail, ultimately reducing to 'bare poles' in hurricane conditions at 122 knots!
From the predicted sail loading and ship movement the mast scantlings were analysed for axial force (vertical thrust), bending and buckling. Rig tensions were then calculated and the standard Safety Factor of 3.5:1 applied to ensure that the chosen wire rigging and terminals would be sufficiently robust. A 16-page report and annexes with colour computer graphics concludes: "...the minimum acceptance criteria were satisfied in all cases".
The masts are fully galvanised 20-sided steel in hollow section. Historically, 'lower' masts were always stepped on the keel, emerging at the weather deck through mast collars with wedges, packing and aprons to prevent leaking. Now, stump masts - which are integral with the hull and deck structures - are Lloyd's preferred option and are fitted in Pelican. These terminate in a flange, half a metre above the wooden deck. The mast itself, with an identical flange at its base, is then bolted to the stump - ensuring continuity and water tightness.
The Man behind the Project
On leaving the Royal Navy as a Commander in 1982, Graham Neilson committed his life to the development of youth, through long ocean voyages under sail.
Pelican is Graham's second ship, having previously coverted the hull of the Dutch lugger Astrid into a handsome brig cleared for worldwide operation and dedicated to the service of youth by HRH Princess Anne in 1989.
Astrid completed 16 eventful and trouble-free annual transatlantic voyages, each lasting three months. She would visit up to 12 countries and islands, providing a unique opportunity for exploration and self-learning as part of a wider educational experience.
Her summer schedule in European waters was open to all ages. In spite of "never sailing with an empty berth", her earning capacity (with only 25 berths) proved insufficient to sustain a varied and exciting programme and in 1997 she was sold back to Holland by her trustees.
Learning these lessons from the past and through the fortuitous introduction to Phillip Goode, the superb hull of the Pelican was acquired from Norway and the reconstruction began at Portland in Dorset in 1995.
Chantiers et Ateliers AUGUSTIN NORMAND, Le Havre, 1948, as a double beam Arctic Trawler named PELICAN.
Steel. Joggle lap-riveted. Shell below the main deck 10mm, doubled in way of trawl wires and at the turn of the bilge in the mid section. Above the main deck and bulwarks 6mm.
1948 - 1967 Arctic fishing trawler 'Pelican', classification BV.
1968 - 1995 Coaster 'Kadett', classification BV.
1995 - 2007 Reclassification as sail training ship in survey with the MCA/BV.
2007 completion and maiden voyage as 'Pelican of London'.
2010 Full top overhaul.
Mainmast Barquentine (Xebec/Polacre) setting 11 sails.
Design: Philip Goode AmRINA, I.Eng, Majorca.
Rigger: Dennis Platten, Traditional Rigging.
Masts: CU Phosco.
Overseer: Harry Spencer, Spencer Rigging.
GRT 226 tonnes
NT 67 tonnes
Displacement (departure) 370 tonnes
Length Extreme (LE) 45.0m / 148ft
Length Overall (LOA) hull 34.6m / 114ft
Length Between Perpendiculars (LBP) 32m / 105ft
Beam (moulded) 7.03m or 23ft
Depth (mid-section) 4.00m / 113.2ft
Draught max. 3.95m / 13.0ft (aft)
Rake of keel 1.40m / 4.5ft
Air Draught 33.0m / 108ft
MCA Code of Practice for the Safety of Large Commercial Sailing Vessels (over 24M) with Bureau Veritas attestation